Aniqua Jillani

# Shortcuts for your CBEs

This article will take you through a guided shortcut that will help you in your CBE exams. The shortcuts will help you understand CBEs functionality and navigation facility built in the CBE exams

**The Main Functionality Of The Exam:**

**The Main Functionality Of The Exam:**

Below are general functionality built-in the exam software and irrespective of whichever CBE you are sitting these are available:

**Flag for review:**this option allows students to leave a question and revisit it later.

**Next and previous button:**this functionality allows students to navigate through the exam questions.

**Navigator tool:**this tool is useful if you want to jump from one question to another in a disarray sequence.

**Time and exam progress:**it is the default setting to show time and exam progress on-screen but students can choose to hide it.

**Scratchpad:**This facility is a built in tool to help students note down their rough workings. These, however, are not visible to the marker therefore these won't be marked. If students wish to have their workings or notes seen by the marker then these should be included in word processing tools or spreadsheets.

**Calculator:**students can also use built-in calculators but they are given the option to bring their own except that it must not display text.

**Highlight and Strikethrough:**this is an option where students can highlight the important elements of the case. Whereas strikethrough indicates that students have dealt with a part of the question by way of crossing it.

Help

Help

**feature:**depending on what exam you are taking this feature is shown with different names on any given paper.

**Scrolling:**When a question has a scrolling option, the student must ensure to scroll and view the full content of the case. Warning notification is displayed if you move on to another question without viewing the full content of the case.

**Splitter bar:**here the screen is either split vertically or horizontally and shows the division between the question and answer section

**How CBEs are conducted:**

This part describes how CBEs will be examined. There are three ways listed below:

● Objective test questions

**(OT Questions)**● Objective test case question

**(OT case Questions)**● Constructive response question

OT Questions: these are auto-marked short questions worth 2 marks each. Also, there are several methods under which OT questions are examined.

OT case questions: there are 5 OT questions worth 10 marks each. An integrated case is given around which these questions are based. But no extra mark is cut if students made a mistake in the previous requirement meaning there is no butterfly effect.

Constructed response questions: these questions are complex and students produce numerical and narrative answers. Also, there 2 ways constructed response questions are examined, through word processing and spreadsheet functions.

Since students have to give answers in their own words they use these functionalities to present their answers

Let's explore these important functionalities that provide useful shortcuts:

It is important to note that there are different shortcuts for word processing and spreadsheet functionality.

### Functions

### Additional Information/ Shortcuts

**Reset**

This icon allows students to erase all that you wrote. A notification will pop up to confirm reset.

**Paste**

Copy

Cut

Copy

Cut

Following are small shortcuts

Paste (Ctrl+V)

Copy( Ctrl+C)

Copy( Ctrl+C)

**Cut(Ctrl+X)**

**Undo**

**Redo**

When you undo your previous action and it happens to be reset then the erased content will restore in the word processing but not in the spreadsheet.

The shortcut for this icon is Ctrl+Z (undo)

The shortcut for this icon is Ctrl+Z (undo)

Redo(Ctrl+Y)

**Paragraph**

6 different font sizes are available

**Bold**

**Italic**

**Underline and**

**strikethrough**

Ctrl+B (bold)

Crl+I (italic)

Ctrl U( Underline)

**Tables**

The basic table offering cell, row, and column feature

**Bulleted List**

**Numbered List**

The text can be presented either in the bulleted or numbered ways.

**Format painter**

Format painter If there are set of text or object in a particular format and you wish to apply that format to your whole response or other objects than this tool is used

**Select All**

There is no toolbar icon available for this feature but this function has a shortcut of ( Ctrl+A)

**Cell fill colour**

Right click the cell and select format cells and that is how cell is colored

**Number formats**

This feature allows students to format cell numbers. Right click the cell and select format cell for this feature

**Currency format**

This function can format currency.

Again format cell option by way of right clicking the cell can opens this feature

**Percentage format**

It's the same as above

**Fraction format**

Same as above

**date/ time format**

This can be accessed the same way

**Fraction format**

Same as above

**Function**

**Syntax**

**Description**

**Sum**

=SUM(number1,[number2],…)

number1 (necessary) – the first number argument to be added.

number2,,… (can be opted) – extra number arguments to be added.

Sum up arguments you specify

A number, range cell reference is called an argument

**Average**

=AVERAGE(number1,[number2],…)

number1 (required) – This indicates the argument you want the average of.

number2,,… (optional) –This indicates the option to add extra argument you want the average of

Average functionality allows students to get average of an argument they specify

**Square root**

=SQRT(number)

number (required) – the argument for square root

This formula provides positive square root

**Power**

=POWER(number, power)

number (needed) – the base number (must be a real number)

power (requiste) – It is the exponent that raises base number

Returns the number raised to a power

Can also be used to apply multiple roots.

**Count**

=COUNT(value1,[value2],…)

value1 (required) – The main item, range of cell, or cell reference counts the numbers contained.

value2,… (needed) - extra numbers, cell references or cell ranges that need to be counted.

If your spreadsheet contains lots of numerical data in cell the count feature will count the number of cells

**Round**

=ROUND(number

,num_digits) number

(required) – the

number you wish

to round num_digits

– the number of digits

which you wish to

round the number

argument to. ThisThis

argument allow

number of digits to

be rounded

,num_digits) number

(required) – the

number you wish

to round num_digits

– the number of digits

which you wish to

round the number

argument to. ThisThis

argument allow

number of digits to

be rounded

This feature allows student to round digits as per their request

**Log**

=LOG(number,[base])

number (required) – the positive real number for which you want the logarithm

base (optional) –This option allows alteration of the base you specify and if base is omitted it is perceived to be 0

The base you specify is returned to that logarithm number

**NPV**

=NPV(rate,value1,[value2],…)

rate (required) – the discount rate given as a decimal.

value1 (required) – the item, cell reference, or range you want to discount cash flows within.

value2,… (required) – additional numbers, cell references or ranges to be discounted.

With this formula students can perform NPV calculation of an investment at a given discount rate over series of future cash flows.

**IRR**

=IRR(values,[guess])

values (required) – the range of cash flows for which you want the internal rate of return.

guess (optional) – a rate you think is close to the result of the IRR given as a decimal.

This formula allows student to perform calculation on internal rate of return for a series of cash flows